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Rigorous Global Search using Taylor Models


Abstract

A Taylor model of a smooth function f over a sufficiently small domain D is a pair (P, I) where P is the Taylor polynomial of f at a point d in D, and I is an interval such that f differs from P by not more than I over D. As such, they represent a hybrid between numerical techniques for the interval and the coefficients of P and algebraic techniques for the manipulation of polynomials. A calculus including addition, multiplication and differentiation/integration is developed to compute Taylor models for code lists, resulting in a method to compute rigorous enclosures of arbitrary computer functions in terms of Taylor models. The methods combine the advantages of numeric methods, namely finite size of representation, speed, and no limitations on the objects on which operations can be carried out with those of symbolic methods, namely the ability to treat functions instead of points and making rigorous statements.

We show how the methods can be used for the problem of rigorous global search based on a branch and bound approach, where Taylor models are used to prune the search space and resolve constraints to high order. Compared to other rigorous global optimizers based on intervals and linearizations, the methods allow the treatment of complicated functions with long code lists and with large amounts of dependency. Furthermore, the underlying polynomial form allows the use of other efficient bounding and pruning techniques, including the linear dominated bounder (LDB) and the quadratic fast bounder (QFB).


M. Berz, K. Makino, Symbolic Numeric Computation 2009, (2009) 11-19


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